- Ecuador is located on the equatorial line, in South America, its territory is in both hemispheres. It limits to the north with Colombia, to the south and east with Peru and to the west with the Pacific Ocean.
Ecuador has a total area of 283 561 km². It is divided into four regions, with 24 provinces and 221 cantons.
Ecuador is a world power on eco-sustainable energies, it is also the country with one of the highest concentrations of rivers per km2 in the world and one of the countries with the highest diversity per km2 therefore it has the highest biodiversity of the world.
- The data generated by the INEC reports that the current population of Ecuador is 16,949,346 as of February 2015.
- Spanish is the official language. Quichua, Shuar and other ancestral languages are of official use for indigenous people in accordance with the Ecuadorian Constitution.
Ecuador has four natural regions: